Mirosław Hermaszewski was born in Lipniki, Wolynian Voivodship in the Reichskommissariat Ukraine, in present day - Ukraine. In 1965, he graduated from the military pilot school in Dęblin. In 1978, he was chosen from almost 500 Polish pilots to take part in the Intercosmos space program. He flew together with Commander Pyotr Klimuk aboard Soyuz 30 which launched on June 27, 1978 from Baikonur and docked with the station Salyut 6, a day later. Aboard Mirosław conducted many experiments. One was crystallization experiments growing cadmium tellurium mercury semiconductors for use by infra-red detectors on board the station. The casual landed on July 5, 1978. The duration of the mission was 7 days, 22 hours, 2 minutes.
The Soviet space shuttle Buran being loaded on its Antonov An-225 transport craft. Note the lack of main engines, but rather orbital maneuvering engines.